EnvironmentPacific Northwest, close to sea level, city tap water known to be of fairly high quality
Yarn100g KnitPicks Bare superwash fingering weight yarn (75% wool, 25%nylon) divided into three hanks (I wasn't impressed with how well the yarn itself emerged from the rigors of dyeing - seems a bit loosely spun)
Scouring and MordantWashed yarn in grapefruit-scented Ajax dishwashing liquid and rinsed. Simmered yarn one hour in 8% alum and 7% cooking cream of tartar. Rinsed, allowed to dry, and stored for a couple of weeks.
Dyebath PreparationChopped 250g red cabbage and simmered one hour (keeping temperature below 212 F). Let dyebath steep overnight - a lovely purple/magenta color, and strained out cabbage.
- simmered yarn in dyebath one hour (keeping temperature below 212 - mostly gently bubbling) and achieved a pale, purplish gray
- added 1/2 cup salt - no improvement
- added 1/4 cup vinegar - no improvement
- simmered another hour - no improvement
- let sit in dye bath overnight - by now a bit more redness to it, but marginally so
- during all this, the color of the dyebath remained essentially unchanged
- rinsed yarn
- swished one hank in ammonia water (4 glugs of ammonia from the half gallon bottle, as small as I could make them) until a nice pale green - a couple of minutes
- swished another hank in ammonia water for a shorter period of time, so didn't turn quite as green (also not quite as even around the cotton ties)
- swished the third hank in water with 3/8 cup vinegar - no discernible difference
DryingAllowed yarn to air dry overnight, during which time all pretense at purple faded from the acid skein, leaving it gray with a few small bluish spots (like old mimeo). The greens also lost some of their joie de vivre.
All three colors look better in incandescent light than in natural light. In fact, oddly enough, the yellower light gives them a bit more redness.
DiagnosisThere are so many places I could have gone wrong - I don't have the experience to judge.
- not enough alum
- wrong cream of tartar
- something in the water
- dyebath too hot
- not enough acid
- wrong species of red cabbage
- wrong season for red cabbage
- process not as described due to unspecified user error
PrognosisIf one wanted to knit a weathered 1930's gingham dishtowel, this yarn would be just the article. The colors are pleasant enough, but not really my style. Overdyeing is probably in the future. Maybe with blue, and something to sadden it a touch.
Given other people's experience of red cabbage finickity and its reputation for eventually greying in the best of circumstances, I doubt there will be a lab report #2.
BibliographyWild Color by Jenny Dean (sadly, out of print)
Natural Dyeing by Jackie Crook